Mobile Phone Update, a Fiasco

A Year on, Where Are We?

First, a Brief Summary

Malcolm Turnbull, when Minister for Communications in the Abbott Government, signed off on providing the Numeralla District on the Monaro of SE NSW with a mobile phone tower to serve the District. This came about as the result of extensive lobbying by the Numeralla District community following the Mobile Phone Black Round One Program announcement.

To save an estimated $150k the tower is now proposed to serve only the Numeralla Village, a small fraction of the District’s area which means the District will remain black, leaving residents, farm and forest workers, tourists and itinerants without mobile communications. Further, the District has no local ABC radio reception, and ABC SE NSW is the designated local emergency broadcaster. In times of natural disaster, especially bush fire, many people are vulnerable and exposed without access to information as a result.

Peter Hendy, then Liberal MP for Eden Monaro and the Hon Paul Fletcher MP, when Parlimentary Secretary for Communications, told the community at the official announcement at Numeralla Diggers Memorial Hall on 29 June 2015 that the Numeralla District would get a mobile phone tower.

On 06 June 2017, Telstra advised the Numeralla community that if it came up with $500,000 within 10 days to augment their budget, a District solution might be possible, or might not due to time constraints.

This has become a fiasco that needs to be resolved ASAP. The Department needs to be directed from the top to fix it.

We have a petition running over on change.org Please add your name so we can get this fixed, we’re not the only ones:

https://www.change.org/p/senator-the-hon-mitch-fifield-ministers-for-the-department-of-communications-and-the-arts-provide-mobile-phone-coverage-to-the-numeralla-district-a843bd61-b1cd-42b4-ad57-98a9ea25c577?recruiter=30965300&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=copylink&utm_campaign=share_petition

A Fuller Story

On of Tuesday 06/06/2017 NDAI, the Numeralla community, was told that in order for a tower to be constructed at the Hangman we have to provide Telstra with $500,000 for the power connection by Thursday 15 Jun 2017, ie next week.

This follows a lengthy period whereby NDAI and others have initially lobbied for a tower, then attempted to find out what was planned, followed by attempts to get the best value for money outcome for all. This has been hampered by a lack of communication and consultation by Telstra and their apparent inability to liaise with a key landowner.

To better understand the situation, here is a summary sequence of key events and communications that have occurred:

  • 2013 – Black spot eradication program announced as Liberal/National policy for 2013 Federal election
  • 07 Sep 2013 – Liberal/Nationals elected to government with Liberal Peter Hendy elected to represent Eden Monaro
  • 25 Jun 2014 – CMSC (Cooma Monaro Shire Council) passed a motion to support in some way, either or both with a cash or an in kind contribution towards any local black spots that secured funding
  • 08 Dec 2014 – Round One Blackspot Guidelines released with CMSC identified as an ‘in principle co-contributor’
    • copy attached FYI, with some commentary added
  • 25 Jun 2015 – General Round One funding announcement by Government with total of $385,000,000 available, implying an average of $771,543 funding for each of the 499 sites selected
  • 29 Jun 2015 – Public meeting held at Numeralla Hall with MPs Peter Hendy and Paul Fletcher, NDAI, media etc in attendance  to announce Numeralla tower funding with Telstra as successful tenderer. No technical solution was identified, ie tower location etc, and therefore TBA. Attempts to find out what was planned are unsuccessful, for some time
  • NDAI, with third party help, identified the Hangman as a potential site, offering about 80% of the mobile phone coverage of Numeralla Mt without the likely tenure issues or cost of power and access that Numeralla Mt entails:
    • Village site estimated to serve about 120 residents and adjacent area
    • Colocation on the NBN tower has an increased coverage area and up to 170 residents served
    • A Hangman site serves about 850 residents and much greater area in particular, including other identified unfunded black spots
      • Subjectively, the incremental cost of power seems to make Hangman a ‘no brainer’ for a value return by addressing a far larger blackspot than just the village
    • 02 Jul 2016 – Liberal/National government re-elected, but with Labor’s Mike Kelly elected once again to represent Eden Monaro
    • 08 Sep 2016 – NDAI advised by Visionstream, Telstra contractor, that 4 sites are to be considered, 3 of which involve a new tower:
      • village tower adjacent to oval, as per Dept Comms database and website, (and supposedly what Telstra tendered for)
      • tower near garbage transfer station above village, offering more altitude, with proximity to power and existing village telephone exchange
      • co-location on newly constructed NBN tower as suggested by NDAI as a better option than the village or transfer station
      • Hangman tower as suggested by NDAI as an even better option
    • 25 Sep 2016 – Visionstream visit Numeralla for initial scoping. By coincidence, the Visionstream employee met the preferred Hangman site owner, Ken Schofield, on Peak View Road near his gate
      • Both parties report the meeting did not go well
    • 17 Nov 2016 – NDAI approached 3 companies for estimates to connect the Hangman site with mains power:
      • estimates come in less than $80k for 1.5 kms along existing largely cleared fencelines
      • subsequently we determine that it should be 1.8 kms and some clearing will be required, nevertheless, NDAI considers $100k should just about cover the lot
    • 14 Dec 2016 – Telstra and Visionstream representatives met with NDAI and interested parties at Numeralla Hall and subsequently visited the Hangman and NBN sites
      • NDAI was not initially approached about the meeting, it was based on hearsay that NDAI followed it up and became involved
      • Telstra made the key point that they have only been contracted by Govt to address village black spot as identified on the Dept Comms website
      • NDAI highlighted/argued that Numeralla is a district, not just a village
      • Telstra seem impressed by the apparent benefits of a Hangman tower
        • Telstra state that an off grid power solution is unacceptable
      • Liaison with Ken Schofield, owner of the preferred site, had yet to be established
    • 22 Dec 2016 – Telstra advise that the Hangman site looks positive “….. This analysis looks positive. It is indicating that a 40 metre monopole at candidate D should provide reasonable coverage to those parts of Numeralla included in the blackspot tender documentation. ………”
    • Jan 2017 NDAI liaison with Ken Schofield identified that that there has been no contact with him with by Telstra or Visionstream since the accidental meeting on Peak View Road in 25 Sep 2016
      • Telstra had previously advised NDAI of the nature of what they would be offering to Ken re legal fees, lease term etc which NDAI passed on to Ken
      • Ken stated to NDAI that he is not averse to a tower on his site and prepared to hear what is on offer from Telstra
      • Ken has previously obtained a quote for power to his house, not too far from the proposed tower site, @ $100k
    • 28 Mar 2017 – Telstra advise that Visionstream have been unsuccessful in attempting to contact Ken and advise that the NBN colocation is now likely their preferred option as a result
      • Ken has subsequently stated that Telstra have not approached him
    • 25 Apr 2017 – the following independent advice received “Colocating on the NBN tower is not filling in a black spot therefore it should not and cannot proceed. A different site, other than the NBN tower, must be chosen if this really is a black spot program, and really is the optimal spend of taxpayer money.”
      • There is a strong view that a village/NBN location does not comply with the Black Spot Guidelines
      • NDAI has no access to the contract Telstra has in place and the terms may well vary from the Guidelines
      • Details of the Telstra contract are ‘commercial in confidence’
    • Apr 2017 – Ken Schofield advised NDAI that he is still prepared to liaise with Telstra and sympathetic to a tower on his property
    • 12 May 2017 – Telstra advise that the power supply cost estimate they have made is $500,000. They also note that we had advised them of Council’s previous undertaking to make a contribution which they then suggested would assist the construction
      • The Council merger has taken place in the interim and Dean Lynch, former CMSC mayor is the new Snowy Monaro Regional Council, SMRC, administrator
      • NDAI considers that as Council was identified in the Guideline document that Telstra tendered on as an in principle co contributor, that Telstra should already have been in contact with Council
      • We consider $150k to be a very generous estimate for the power connection based on estimates obtained by NDAI
    • 23 May 2017 – NDAI advised Telstra that:
      • Ken continues to be prepared to talk to Telstra and that NDAI can relay messages if preferred
      • Their estimate for the power connection is way out
    • 23 May 2017 – NDAI requested advise from Council of any possible contribution, bearing in mind their previous resolution, and inclusion in the Black Spot Guidelines as an in principle co contributor
      • subsequent messages and phone calls have yielded nil response, not a, or yes, no, or maybe has been received
    • 31 May 2017 – Telstra advised that they wish to undertake a site meeting ‘real soon’ with community representatives and Ken Schofield
    • 02 Jun 2017 – Telstra requested that NDAI arrange meeting for 15 Jun 2017
    • 06 Jun 2017 – Following liaison with Ken, 15 Jun 2017 meeting confirmed with Telstra
    • 06 Jun 2017 – Telstra responded with the following included:

…………We look forward to meet you on Thursday 15 June ……………. Our objective

1)      Discuss with you and the owner and agree on the HOTs

2)      Review the power costing and agree on the extra payment from you so the candidate can progress. Please note the extra payment would be required immediately in order to continue with the candidate. As we must have the site on Air by June 2018, we cannot afford any further delays.

Looking forward for a productive outcome…………….

  • Somehow, its implied that NDAI/communityare responsible for the ‘delays’ !!!!!!
  • 06 Jun 2017 – phone conversation with Dept of Comms advises that contract details with Telstra are ‘commercial in confidence’ and that Telstra are only contracted to address the village black spot
  • 06 Jun 2017 – Mike Kelly, our Federal MP holds a public meeting at the Cooma Hotel. Among others, NDAI representatives attend and explain the situation. Mike is not unaware of some/all of what has been occurring
    • Mike advises that we have his support, but does not quantify what that means
    • Mike has previously expressed his support for colocation and continues to do so
  • John Barilaro, our National State MP, has in the past expressed his in principle support of a Numeralla tower too, and advised that any specific concerns should be directed to the Federal Government

In NDAI’s view they are not responsible for any delays, NDAI believes it has responded in a timely manner to all requests from all parties and feels that it has done more than could/should be expected. Note too that NDAI is comprised of only volunteers doing this on behalf of the community in their spare time. All NDAI committee members have things they’d prefer to be doing.

 Right now, this is the first advice NDAI has received that the community is responsible for the power connection should a Hangman tower proceed. We, NDAI, the Numeralla community do not have $500k, let alone $150k, or even $5k for power. Our politicians can’t/won’t help and Council and its Administrator remain silent. If NDAI had been advised of this situation by Telstra earlier, NDAI may have been able to access some funding.

This is the predicted coverage of a Hangman tower; note the yellow markers are all currently identified black spots:

And this is for the NBN tower co location, note the yellow markers are all currently identified black spots:

A quote follows from the telecommunications expert who prepared the above maps for us:

“..Conclusion: It’s a lay down mazaire. A site near Hangman covers so many more Government blackspots that the Government would be stupid not to choose it, especially given the delta is less than a new site spend.   

So only Government, and large Corporation bureaucracy stands in the way of the local community getting what’s right.

Quite frankly, I do not understand why Telstra has not apparently to me, gone back to the Government advising that it can do so much more for only a minor delta increase in spend. Maybe lack of vision, maybe lack of skill, maybe Telstra can no longer adapt itself to the changing needs of its customers like it once could. Maybe it’s become too bureaucratic to be able to do what’s right for itself, as well as its customers.

Also, by building a site that provides broad area coverage, it creates the opportunity to deploy much cheaper microcells in the small gaps. That should be something the Government welcomes as it goes through rounds 2 and rounds 3. Cost reductions through proper planning are usually embraced by everyone conscious of not wasting tax payers money.

What is also clear, is that the Hangman site provides extensive interlocking coverage with the existing network. Interlocking coverage is experienced by a user,  when a car drives up a hill, has coverage, then goes over the top and loses coverage, were it not for a site beaming in from the other side. A site at Hangman will, in many cases, take over coverage where the current network does not reach along the Monaro Highway, and many other roads too. You can see the effect in the predictions.   

Hangman is a strategic network build, providing extensive area coverage, freeing up the Government to spend less on far cheaper microcell’s, which act a bit like colouring in paint chips on a car. Minor spends, plugging the odd small hole. Invest in one expensive site that takes care of the base load coverage, then spend small amounts on strategic infills in the area………….”

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Numeralla Mobile Phone Black Spot Resolution

Numeralla and District Activities Incorporated (NDAI) have strong concerns that under the Round 1 Mobile Black Spot Program, it appears a mobile phone tower is to be constructed within Numeralla Village. Funding for Numeralla’s black spot elimination was announced in April 2015, with construction now apparently scheduled in 2017. As far as NDAI can ascertain, Telstra and the Mobile Phone Black Spot Committee (MBSC) have not properly evaluated alternate sites, if at all, and to date have not engaged the local community in any discussion.

With a Federal election in train, why can’t we get a commitment from our Eden Monaro candidates, Telstra or the MBSC to properly investigate what appears to be a cost effective equitable investment of OUR tax dollars at a site known as the Hangman, 6.5 km north of the Village?

A Village site in the base of the valley will serve just the immediate Village environs, no doubt ‘ticking’ the black spot box and serving a political agenda. However, there appears to be two logical alternate sites that can achieve greater coverage with subjectively far greater value for their associated expenditure:

  • A new tower at the Hangman. This site would serve large parts of the District, up to a 40 km radius, serving up to 10 times the number of residents that a Village tower would serve
  •  Co-locate with no additional tower construction costs on the existing NBN tower 2.3 km from the Village, serving perhaps 50 additional residents, compared to a Village tower

The proposed location in the Numeralla Village does not meet the needs of the larger community, ignoring large swathes of potential users, residents, itinerant campers, tourists and workers alike.  A tower at the Hangman would appear to effectively address large parts of other identified District black spots such as Jerangle, Peak View, Badja, Countegany, Tuross, Carlaminda, and Rose Valley. In addition, it would reach the Monaro Highway to the west to parts of Murrumbucca and beyond.

Further, the Hangman site would dramatically improve emergency communication capability across the District. The District for the most part has no Bega based ABC AM reception, our designated emergency broadcaster. During times of emergency, effective communication is an ongoing challenge. Response and management of the relatively recent Yarrabin Bush Fire in the District suffered due to poor communication. Incidents requiring detouring Monaro Highway traffic result in significant numbers of vehicles using Peak View Road north of Numeralla and the Cooma Numeralla Road, often at night in poor conditions. Peak View Road is a largely unsealed, winding and narrow road about 40 km long with a heavy wildlife presence and no current mobile phone coverage, nor would it be covered by a Village or NBN phone tower. Then there are the incidents that occur in the bush and paddock that speedy communication can assist alleviating. Not to mention the NSW Ambulance’ use of mobile phones for transmission of ECG data that improves the survivability of patients with heart condition by enabling preliminary treatment enroute.

It should be noted that phone communication is not one way, effective, equitable communication infrastructure benefits the entire community, not just those living in remote areas, communication is two way and benefits those at both ends of the dialogue.

The Hangman site will no doubt cost more to implement than either the Village or NBN site due to provision of electrical power, site tenure and access. NDAI believes the additional expenditure up front is justified due to the dramatically increased coverage that the site offers, and offers straight away. When will the rest of the District black spots be addressed if this opportunity is missed now?

NDAI believes that siting the tower at the Hangman will result in significantly greater mobile phone coverage and a net cost benefit. NDAI therefore requests that the Hangman site be fully evaluated as a site for the mobile phone tower, and if it’s found not viable, explain why not.

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Monaro Council/Shire Mergers

The following is NDAI’s submission to the review:

27 February 2016

Council Boundary Review
Bombala, Cooma-Monaro Shire and Snowy River Shire Councils

Numeralla and District Activities Incorporated (NDAI), the community association representing the interests of the Numeralla district of Cooma Monaro Shire, strongly objects to the proposed merger of Bombala, Cooma-Monaro Shire and Snowy River Shire Councils.

NDAI has reached this position after reviewing the documentation made available by the NSW Government supporting the merger. The documentation appears flawed in many ways. Even if we were to accept it at face value, there appears to be no substantiative evidence to support a merger. The documents considered are:

1. KPMG Merger Business Case Report 18 May 2015
2. Fit For The Future Information Sheet; Cooma Monaro Shire Council
3. Community Consultation Findings 12 June 2015
4. Assessment on IPART site; Fit For Future; Cooma-Monaro Shire Council – CIP
5. Merger Proposal Bombala Council, Cooma-Monaro Shire Council, Snowy River Shire Council January 2016

Specific Issues Identified

• At odds with the assertion that there has been four years of extensive consultation, NDAI believes that there has been negligible community consultation to date:

o We note that the KPMG Merger Business Case Report is dated 18 May, 2015 and Cooma-Monaro Shire Council had to lodge its response for assessment as shown on the IPART site by 12 June 2015.

Part of the input required was the Community Consultation Findings; these findings are dated 12 June 2015 to meet the deadline.

How much consultation can be expected in less than 4 weeks from the release date of the Report?

Many people here are now just becoming aware of what is proposed.

• Doc 1, Key Findings states:

o “An analysis of the potential financial impacts of a merger of all three councils indicated a net benefit of $3.71 million over the ten year period”

and:

o “When the NSW Government financial support to assist with council mergers is included in the analysis, the net financial benefit from the proposed merger increases to $13.76m”

Minister Paul Toole, stated in his foreword to the Merger Proposal, Doc 5, that there is a total benefit of $33 m over 20 years. This appears to be made up of the $13.76 m as stated in the KPMG Report, and referred to in the Executive Summary of the Merger proposal, and the $20 m from State Government, referred to in the Minister’s foreword.

However, the KPMG Merger Business Case, doc 1 above, already includes the State Government financial support. The KPMG document refers to a 10 year horizon. It appears that in effect $30 m of the $33 m identified benefit is coming directly from the State Government.

If this interpretation is incorrect, then its communication is poor. If this interpretation is correct, then it’s no justification at all. The numbers don’t add up!

• Nevertheless, whatever the actual amount, State Government money is actually OUR money, it’s OUR taxes that fund our Government. How can this significant expense be ignored in the financial case? It would be better for us in the three Shires if it was divided up and provided directly for, say, infrastructure development instead of the new stationery that will no doubt be required by a merged entity.

• An assumption is made that fewer councillors will be prorata cheaper? Fewer councillors will incur:
o higher per capita expenses, not reduced or equal, due to additional travel and overnight expenses of councillors and support staff
o harder access for community members, so more indirect community costs are incurred
o harder for councillors to be across all the issues in a much larger shire
o nevertheless, the amount presumed to be saved, $500,000, as a result of fewer elected officials appears wrong. Mayoral and councillor expenses across the 3 shires are not much more than that now. Or does this imply there will be no elected officials in the merged shire?

• Cabramurra and the Alpine areas are referred to as an inclusion in the merged Shire. They are currently inside Kosciuszko National Park? Is the Park to be annexed by the merged Shires too?

• Why was there no normalisation of road depreciation?

o Cooma depreciates their roads at $4,500/km
o Bombala depreciates their roads at $1,800/km

With about 800 km of roads each, this is a significant inconsistency in the financial analysis.

• The report states that the total infrastructure backlog for the three shires is $146 million. The Shires currently report it at $23.19m as follows:

Bombala $5.380m
Cooma $6.449m
Snowy River $11.361m
Total $23.190m
KPMG $146m
Discrepancy $122.81m

What has gone on here? Aren’t KPMG supposed to be financial experts?

• Doc 5, the KPMG business case, does not identify any guaranteed benefits. There are many “may” and “potential” benefits, with almost none actually identified let alone quantified.

o It’s stated that; “Scale and capacity is a minimum requirement as it is the best indicator of a council’s ability to govern effectively and provide a strong voice for its community.”

‘Scale and capacity’ seems to be the holy grail. What is ‘scale and capacity’, and how much is enough. The need for it is not backed up by any evidence, how does it relate to effective governance as stated?

Further; “The proposed merger will provide significant opportunities to strengthen the role and strategic capacity of the new council to partner with the NSW and Australian governments on major infrastructure projects, addressing regional socio-economic challenges, delivery of services and focus on regional priorities.”

What regional priorities, socio-economic challenges, which region? What’s strategic capacity? Not just provide opportunities, but ‘significant’ ones!

More waffle.

• Doc 4 says that, Cooma Monaro Shire currently fails in 2 of the areas of the ‘Fit for Future’ assessment. As a merged entity, that entity fails to meet the criteria in 3 areas. How is that better for all, if it’s such an important criteria?

• One of the failed aspects in the Fit for the Future assessment is that Cooma Monaro Shire Council will need to seek increased rates above the pegging rate in the future. It’s then stated that under the merged entity, that this will still be a requirement. It’s another apparent disconnect that will occur no matter whether the merger happens or not.

• Doc 1, KPMG Key Findings states “the three councils’ resources are already stretched…” and “a merger will likely lead to a loss of approximately 19 FTE”. (FTE; Full Time Employees) How is that good for the future of services provided to the community? Fewer councillors won’t be further stretched as well?

• Doc 5 cherry picks examples, with no explanation as to their merit, as further justifications for the merger:

o Lithgow City Council has 9 councillors, 4551 km2, therefore the 15,000 km2 merged entity will also function ideally with 9 councillors. Cooma Monaro Shire alone is already 5229 km2
o There are merged larger Shires in Queensland and Victoria, so it therefore must be good for rural NSW and the Monaro. How so, why are they exemplars?
o Nine councillors cannot be in touch with issues across a diverse merged ‘Monaro’ Shire with an area of about 15,000 km2. Local Government will no longer be local for much of a merged Shire

• Numerous identified benefits can be realised by cooperation without the merger, as per numerous existing examples like the Library and Community Transport. Consistent planning laws, like a number of other issues, are no doubt desirable, however they are not dependant on a merger.

• History shows merging of organisations, rather than adsorption, invariably results in increased layers of management and responsibilities and consequent increased costs, witness RFS and LLS in recent times in NSW.

• Doc 5; why is it that flood risk management for Cooma is somehow dependant on the merger? Is this bribery, a threat, coercion, confusion?

• If for a moment we were to accept all the flawed arguments in favour, and the merger progressed, the bottom line financial justification is that there will be approximately 1% net improvement in the merged entities’ financial position. This is a number seemingly based on best case assumptions and still down around or below the error ‘noise’ of a future financial projection. This is at the cost of local representation on Council for much of the community. This is a cost that is not justified.

It appears that a political decision has been made to merge our shires for reasons not clear to us in the bush. Perhaps there is a political need to sort out Sydney councils in some way and we are just collateral damage? This is being railroaded though with negligible consultation and fundamentally flawed justification.

Doc 5 again; “The proposed merger will create a council better able to meet the needs of the community into the future and will provide significant benefits for the community.”

As this has not been demonstrated to us in any way by the process to date, NDAI strongly objects to the merger based on the non-justification made by the NSW Government.

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Management of the Badja Reserve (the Junction)

Recently the Council erected a barrier in order to manage and rehabilitate damaged areas at the Badja Reserve (the Junction). This action became necessary due to ongoing damage from vehicles and fires being lit in non-designated fireplaces. We are advised however, that the area will be available for the Folk Festival (see below).

Information about the long term management strategy for the Badja Reserve may be obtained from the Council.
https://www.cooma.nsw.gov.au/549/Badja-Reserve

The Badja Reserve campground at Numeralla is managed by the Cooma Monaro Shire Council. The lower area of the Badja Reserve campground has recently been closed to vehicle access in order to manage and rehabilitate the area. Vehicles can still access the upper areas of the reserve for camping, and the area around the tennis courts in the village.

The lower area will be opened for camping for the 42nd Numeralla Folk Festival which will be held 22-25 January 2016. The Numeralla Folk Festival Committee is seeking advice from Council as to when the campground will be opened prior to the festival – as soon as we know we will let festival patrons know via this website and facebook page.

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European Wasps

Hello Everyone

This week I killed the first European wasp queen that I have seen this spring. They have emerged from hibernation and will now be busily breeding.

If you have children, fruit, bees or pets (not sure about livestock) or are allergic to stings, these insects pose a significant threat.

Having, long ago trained my children to have healthy respect for snakes, spiders and native wasps, I have never regarded any of them as serious pests requiring eradication. European wasps are.

Last season I eradicated six nests along the west bank of the Numeralla, in the vicinity of the school, and more elsewhere. All contained (estimated) at least a couple of thousand wasps. Unlike bees etc European wasps may produce hundreds of queens in a single nest. These establish new nests in the following spring.

Finding the nests is the most time consuming part of eradicating them. If you see the worker wasps on your fruit, or in your drink can, they are feeding and gathering food for more workers. Once bitten by wasps the fruit quickly becomes useless. When they have as much as they can carry they will eventually fly off in a straight line to the nest. If they fly in more than one direction, there are a number of nests around you. They take a long time to gather enough food, so much patience is required.

If they are in the dog or cat bowl or gathering meat from another source, they are feeding queens. This is much faster to observe because they quickly tear a strip off and fly directly to the nest. Their flight is slower because of the load being carried. I put out a small piece of meat and observe their flight direction, then all I need to know is how far is the nest. In most cases this will require movement of the bait along the flight path to where the wasp disappeared. Eventually you may see the wasps at the nest but are more likely to hear them first. All that I have found locally have been holes in the ground, sometimes hidden under tussocks. For further information Google: European wasps in Australia.

It is inadvisable to approach to closely or to attempt eradication during daylight, particularly if you intend to sprinkle the recommended ant & roach dust around the nest entrance, however do look for multiple entrances. Mark all nest entrances clearly at a distance of about 2 metres, depending on how active they are. I use 1.2 metre lengths of heavy wire with a bit of flagging tape and align two, sometimes three so that there is no mistake about where they are in the dark.

Wait until it is well and truly dark! A new moon is preferable or a cloudy night. Wasps sometimes are still returning to the nest well after sunset and are likely to get you from behind. Cover up! Wear loose dark clothes, a hat and preferably a bee net over your head, particularly your face. Cover your torch or lantern with a red filter or red cellophane as they do not see it and head for the light. Make sure you treat them effectively the first time, because they may be very aggressive on further attempts.

I am prepared to help out in eradication if you are not experienced in this sort of operation, but I do not have time to locate nests all over the valley.

If you want help or advice you can contact me on 64533009 or email: M_Shubert@hotmail.com

Mark Shubert

 

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